Definition of Observation by Experts and Their Benefits
Conducting an observation is very important to do, so someone who does the activity can know and get knowledge from a phenomenon, based on ideas and knowledge that have been known beforehand. Of course, to get the various kinds of information needed, the next step is to conduct a study. Read more in this article to understand the notion of observation.
The notion of observation is not only limited to that, even the understanding of this observation consists of many opinions. Not a few experts who provide an explanation of the meaning of observation. However, before discussing some definitions of observation according to experts, here are the meanings of observation itself.
Observation or also called observation, is an activity carried out to find out a phenomenon based on knowledge, as well as ideas which aim to get an information.
Well, this information is of course related to an event or phenomenon that is or is already happening in the surrounding environment.
Of course, for the process of searching for information this one must be objective, real and accountable. This is because it relates to the authenticity of the information obtained.
Understanding of observation
Definition of Observation According to Experts
In addition to the general understanding of observation, there is also an understanding according to experts, the Big Dictionary (on Knowlegde of Research according information on Made Papers Blog)
and etymological understanding. It is important for you to know the meaning of the observation so that you can understand the meaning in a gambling manner.
1. According to the Dictionary
According to the Great Language Dictionary, the meaning of observation itself is as follows:
Observe – supervise closely; observe.
Meanwhile, the understanding of etymological observation comes from Latin which means “to see and pay attention”.
3. According to Nawawi and Martini
Understanding the observations of Nawawi and Martini itself is an observation and recording carried out in sequence and consists of various elements that appear in a phenomenon contained in the object of research. The results of these observations will then be reported using a systematic arrangement in accordance with applicable rules.
4. Professor Heru
Professor Heru explained that an observation is an observation that shows a learning or study which is done intentionally, sequentially, directed and in accordance with the objectives to be achieved in the observations made.
Observation results are all kinds of events and phenomena that have been recorded. The results of these observations must be precise, thorough, detailed, accurate, objective and useful with the observations made.
5. Hanna Djumhana
Hanna Djumhana explained that observation is a scientific method that is still used as the first step in empirical science and is still recognized by the world of scientific research which is used as a scientific method for collecting data.
6. According to Sutrisno Hadi
Understanding this observation is a process that is very complex and consists of various processes both psychological processes and biological processes which are carried out with more importance to the process of memory and observation.
7. According to Patton
Meanwhile, according to Patton, the meaning of observation itself is an accurate and specific method used to collect data and has the purpose of finding various kinds of information about all activities or activities that are underway to be used as objects of study in research.
Lots of definitions of observation are explained by experts, including Sudjana. He explained that observation is an assessment method used in order to be able to measure a process and action between individuals in an observed event.
9. Suhasimi Arikunto
According to him, the notion of observation itself is an observation made directly about an object that is in the environment both ongoing and ongoing which includes various kinds of attention activities from an object study by utilizing sensing.
The action of this observation is done intentionally or consciously and in accordance with the order they have.
Observation is a process of observation and recording that is carried out logically, objectively, systematically and rationally about various kinds of phenomena, both those that exist in real or actual situations and in artificial situations that are intended to be able to achieve a certain goal.
Understanding the observation according to him is a technique used in a way to conduct observations carefully and the recording of the observations is done in a systematic way.
Observation is a method used to conduct an assessment using direct and systematic observation. Various kinds of data obtained from these observations are recorded in the observation notes. The recording activity is part of the observation activities that are being carried out.
Sevilla interprets this observation in a simple term which is interpreted in a process where the observer or researcher looks at the situation of the research. This one method is very suitable for use in a study which includes observing a condition or interaction of teaching and learning, interaction between groups and children’s play behavior.
Burhan explained that the notion of observation is an ability possessed by someone in carrying out an observation activity through the work of one of the five senses namely the eye and assisted by several other five senses.
15. According to Kartono
Kartono said that observation is a study process that is done on something and is done consciously and systematically. Which discusses the phenomena or social and psychological events through observation and recording.
16. Karl Welck
Karl Welck explained the meaning of observation itself, where observation is an activity of recording, selecting, compiling, marking and replacing a series of observed behavioral processes and the atmosphere which has a relationship with a particular organization.
In the narrow sense of observation is a research process that aims to observe the situation and conditions of the material observed. This observation technique is very suitable to be used to conduct a study of the learning process, behavior, attitudes and so on.